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CAA-2014-S07: Keith May. To Boldly or Bravely Go? Experiences of using Semantic Technologies for Archaeological Resources

To Boldly or Bravely Go?

Experiences of using Semantic Technologies for Archaeological Resources

Keith MAY

 

Presentation held at the CAA2014, session Ontologies and Standards for improving Interoperability of Archaeological Data :

https://fr.slideshare.net/mobile/Keith.May/caa-2014-paris

 

Abstract :

Research on the uses of Semantic Technologies for archaeological data presentation, search and reporting has advanced considerably in recent years. This has included developing the technologies for semantically enhanced cross-searching enabled by using the CIDOC CRM ontology with archaeological extensions such as the CRM-EH developed at English Heritage.

This work, in particular during the Semantic Technologies for Archaeological Resources project (STAR project http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/star/), focused on some of the most common systems for archaeological recording in the UK, each using a version of the Single Context Recording methodology introduced by the Museum of London in the early 1990s. In addition this work was able to incorporate information in the semantic cross-search from free text descriptions derived from a corpus of archaeological reports (oasis.ac.uk/) that had been mapped to the same common ontologies, using Natural Language Processing techniques.

At a conceptual level much of the archaeological data recorded using the single context recording methodology are inter-related by identifying and documenting single units of stratigraphic material as recognised and interpreted by the record maker. Underlying the work of mapping ‘single context’ data from different archaeological database systems to a common ontology there may be even more fundamental questions about how to share data derived using different archaeological recording methodologies.

One of the associated issues that emerged from the STAR work was the need to improve the syntactic integrity of archaeological data sets to make best use of the semantic technologies for interoperability. Practical work in developing the use of the W3C SKOS standard for incorporating controlled terminologies with the CIDOC CRM in the STELLAR project (http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/stellar/) and subsequent SENESCHAL project (http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/SENESCHAL/), has led to the development of SKOS based versions of national heritage domain controlled vocabularies and the publishing of these as Linked Open Data via the HeritageData.org web site (http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/).

This paper will be based upon practical experiences of modelling the single context recording system at English Heritage and mapping it to other ‘single context’ based systems. It will also present recent work on identifying conceptual commonalities that may exist in different archaeological recording methodologies, whether ‘single context recording’ or otherwise, along with practical challenges based on experiences of trying to integrate, or simply search across, data from different archaeological recording systems. In addition it will introduce the work to date on developing Heritagedata.org and suggest opportunities for sharing and aligning further archaeological vocabularies using SKOS and Linked Open Data technologies.

May Keith
English Heritage (& University of South Wales) (EH)

Gérer nos thésaurus en ligne : Ginco et OpenTheso

Vocabulaires et thésaurus participent à la mise en place du web de données et du Linked Open Data (LOD). Un certain nombre d’entre eux sont actuellement élaborés, revus, mis en correspondance ou encore adaptés aux standards pour l’interopérabilité.

Virgile
Virgile

 

Afin d’accompagner ces approches, deux séances seront consacrées, en mars, à la présentation de deux logiciels de gestion de thésaurus, Ginco et OpenTheso, dans le cadre de la MAE (Maison Archéologie & Ethnologie René-Ginouvès. Nanterre).

Ces deux ateliers visent à favoriser les échanges et les questions entre les personnes envisageant la création, la gestion ou le transfert de leur thésaurus et celles qui ont réalisé ces outils.

  • Lundi 17 mars 2014, le matin (10h [accueil 9h45]), Salle de cours n°2 de la MAE (rez-de-jardin) : GINCO, présenté par Katell BRIATTE (Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication).
  • Jeudi 27 mars 2014, l’après-midi (13h…), à la Salle du Conseil de la MAE (4e étage) : OpenTheso, présenté par Miled ROUSSET (Lyon, Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée).

 

Ces deux logiciels tiennent compte des standards et langages pour les thésaurus (SKOS, ISO 25964). Ils sont gratuits et ont été élaborés au sein d’institutions publiques.

 – Ginco (Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication) : http://www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr/Ressources/HADOC/Referentiels2/Les-vocabulaires-scientifiques-et-techniques/Le-projet-GINCO

 – OpenTheso (CNRS) : http://www.frantiq.fr/thesaurus-pactols/logiciels-opentheso

 

Afin de préserver l’approche pratique de ces deux présentations, le nombre de participants sera limité.

Pour plus d’informations, ou pour nous prévenir de votre présence, n’hésitez pas à nous contacter.

Isabelle DONZE
LESC – Bibliothèque Eric-de-Dampierre (UMR 7186).
Thésaurus GeoEthno
isabelle.donze@mae.u-paris10.fr

 Anne-Violaine SZABADOS
Programme ArcheoNum & Équipe ESPRI-LIMC (ArScAn – UMR 7041, CNRS).
Thésaurus TheA.
anne-violaine.szabados@mae.u-paris10.fr

 

Plan d’accès

pdf: plan-UPOND-MAEplan-UPOND-MAE

Cite this article as: Anne-Violaine Szabados, "Gérer nos thésaurus en ligne : Ginco et OpenTheso," in ArcheoNum, 04/03/2014, http://archeonum.hypotheses.org/255.